Opioids are powerful painkillers that are often prescribed to the patients suffering from excruciating pain. However, substance-abusers crush these narcotic painkillers and consume the pulverized formulation to attain the maximum effects of the drug. Sometimes, the effects of the crushed medication are also compared to a similar level of euphoria as that of heroin. Opioid overdose is not just addictive —in fact, in certain situations it can be excessively lethal.
FDA acknowledges the public health epidemic because of the opioid abuse, overdose and strong dependence on it.
Opioid Overdose —a Grave Concern for the North Dakotans
In the state of North Dakota, the opioid related substance-abuses is escalating at a highly disturbing rate. According to the state officials, the usage of heroin users increased by 400 percent between the years 2013 and 2015. Most of the heroin drug addicts begin with painkiller addiction. The widespread usage of heroin and opioid raises a serious concern for the residents of North Dakota. The endemic presence of fentanyl in the batches of the captured heroin batches by the authorities also indicate that it is the driving force behind the opioid epidemic faced by the United States of America. In 2015, opioid abuse and overdose claimed the lives of 61 North Dakotans. In 2013, the number of opioid overdose deaths was 20, which increased to 43 by 2014. The prevalence of the opioid overdose renders every single resident of North Dakota susceptible to the lethal implications of heroin and opioid abuse.
Federal Grant to North Dakota for Combatting Opioid Drug Abuse
It has been accepted that the public sector organizations cannot fight the substance-abuse by opioid alone. Therefore, the federal government announces earlier this year that North Dakota will be receiving $2 million to mitigate the deaths caused by overdose and abuse of opioid. All the states will be obtaining grants pertinent to the opioid crisis within that particular state. As of now, North Dakota will be using 80 percent of the grant for the recovery and treatment of the patients addicted to opioid. The remainder of the federal grant will be used in the prevention, reporting of the incidences, assessment and collection of data. The future goals of North Dakota’s plan to fight opioid overdose is to support the healthcare professionals who can help in tackling the overdose problem. The grant will assist the state-wide initiatives to save human lives by collaborating with the counsellors, pharmacists, healthcare providers, and family members of the people involved in opioid abuse. The State of North Dakota applied for two years of federal grant for dealing with opioid epidemic.
FDA is concerned about the usage of opioid as substance-abuse. FDA is eager to work alongside the stakeholders to accept applications new drugs with abuse deterrent formulations. Furthermore, FD also hopes to to obtain more evidence related to long term use of opioids and abuse, and addiction. Mitigation strategies will be implemented and accessibility of naloxone as over the counter prescription drug to combat opioid is also being reviewed.